SUDESHNA PAUL EDUCATIONAL COMPANION

 

 

MUSIC

                        Background music  S Paul

                      

Tone Semi Tone         Major Scale            Chord Construction   

 Major Chords     Minor Chords        Seventh Chords    

Suspended Chords (Sus)      Augmented and Diminished Chords

Chord Inversions              Triad           Chords Pattern  

Hindi  songs with Chords      Bengali Songs with chords   

English song with chord         Soft Instrumental Music

 

For Full List of Music &  songs Click here

 

Table of scale Chords pattern       Home

 

In western music the chromatic scale contains all the notes which can be played on a piano or guitar.  There are only  twelve notes and they are named after the first seven letters of the alphabet. A - B - C - D - E - F - G  They can have two names all depending on which key you are in, like this... A# or Bb = (A sharp or B flat this is the same note)
Then - C# or Db - D# or Eb - F# or Gb - G# or Ab. (Notice the # sign which tells you a note is to be sharpened and the b sign which tells you it must be flattened.) 

 

Tones And Semi -Tones..

 They are ways of measuring the distance between one note and another. Here are a few examples.... (Checking these against the keyboard picture above should help you to visualise this idea.)

  1. The distance between C and D equals one tone.

  2. The distance between E and F equals one semi-tone

  3. The distance between F# and G# equals one tone

  4. The distance between A# and B equals one semi-tone. 

  5. The distance between F and F# equals one semi-tone

  6. The distance between E and F# equals one tone

Whether the keys are white or black has no relevance, what is important is the distance to the next note.  The distance between any note and the one directly beside it is a semi-tone. (Sometimes called a half step or half tone) The distance between any note and the one two steps above or below it is a tone. (Sometimes referred to as a whole tone.)

 

The Major Scale

Start with any note C or D , follow this pattern Tone - Tone - Semi-tone - Tone - Tone - Tone  Semi-tone.

So C Major Scale is  C-D-E-F-G-H-A-B-C

 

Chord Construction 

In order to understand how chords are formed, there are a few basic principles, 

Major Chords

Any Major Chord must contain the 1st - 3rd - 5th degrees of the Major scale.. Therefore the chord of  C Major must be C E G.
G Major scale. G -A - B - C -D - E - F# - G  Therefore G Major = G - B - D.
Find a major scale by starting on any note and following the tone semitone pattern.  1st - 3rd - 5th

 

Minor Chords

Once you have found the Major chord the simplest way to find the Minor chord is to flatten the third by one semi-tone.  Flattening (b sign) a note means take it down in pitch by the amount specified Eb means go to from the E to Eb note.  So C Minor Chord is  C Eb G

 

 

Table of Scale , Chords and Chords Pattern

Important: Remember  for any major scale 3rd to 4th is semi tone and 7th to 8th is again semi tone, since E to F is semi tone and B to C semi tone.

Root

Scale

Major Chords Minor Chords Chords Sequence for many songs
1-3-5 1-3(b)-5 Major Chords I-IV-V Minor Chords ii-iii-vi
C C--D--E--F--G--A--B--C C-E-G C-Eb-G C,  F, G Dm, Em, Am
D D--E--F#--G--A--B--C#--D D-F#- A D-F-A D, G, A Em, F#m, Bm
E E--F#--G#--A--B--C#--D#--E E-G#- B E-G-B E, A, B F#m, G#m, C#m
F F--G--A--Bb--C--D--E--F F-A-C F-Ab-Cb F, Bb, C Gm, Am, Dm
G G--A--B--C--D--E--F#--G G-B-D G-Bb-D G, C, D Am, Bm, Em
A A--B--C#--D--E--F#--G#--A A-C#-E A-C-E A, D, E Bm, C#m, F#m
B B-C#--D#--E--F#--G#--A#--B B-D#-F# B-D-F# B, E, F# C#m, D#m, G#m

For other scales , like C# or Db , Eb or D# , Gb or F# , Ab or G# and Bb or A# , one can find the chord and chord pattern according to the same sequence given in the table 

 

Seventh Chords

There are two types the Major Seventh (C Maj 7) and the C Dominant Seventh (C7) The Dominant 7th is always one semitone down from the Major 7th See the examples below.

 

The chord of C Major 7th (CM7)

     

The chord of C Seventh (C7).

C - 1st note of the scale

 

C - 1st note of the scale

E - 3rd note of the scale

 

E - 3rd note of the scale

G - 5th note of the scale

 

G - 5th note of the scale

B - Major 7th note of the scale

 

Bb - Dominant 7th

 

Suspended Chords (Sus)

Suspended (or Sus)  chords are formed by removing the third from the chord and replacing it with the scale note named.. 
Example:  C Suspended Fourth  = C - F- G  
If you compare this  C Sus 4 chord to the C Major chord of  C - E - G  you will see that the third note of the scale E has been removed and replaced with the fourth note of the scale F.

Suspended Second chords follow the same principle, only this time you replace the third note of the scale with the second
Example: C Suspended Second = C - D - G 

Augmented and Diminished Chords

Augmented chords can be thought of as a series of  Major thirds one on top of the other.

  1. Starting note ....................................................... = C
  2. Go up (or down) a major third - four semitones = E
  3. Go up (or down) a major third - four semitones = G#
  4. Go up (or down) a major third - four semitones = C .... Starting note reappears and pattern repeats

The interesting thing about these chords is that they take their name from the notes that are included in the chord itself. So the chord above can be either..

Diminished Chords can be thought of as a series of  Minor thirds  one on top of the other.

  1. Starting note ....................................................... = C
  2. Go up (or down) a minor third - three semitones = Eb
  3. Go up (or down) a minor third - three semitones = F#
  4. Go up (or down) a minor third - three semitones = A
  5. Go up (or down) a minor third - three semitones = C .... Starting note reappears and pattern repeats..

As  with augmented chords,  diminished chords take their name from the notes which form the chord itself and one chord shape moved along a couple of frets on the guitar forms all of them.

Chord Inversions

To use a chord inversion simply means to rearrange the order of the notes in the chord.
Example:

  1.  C Major Root position = C - E - G 
  2. C Major 1st Inversion  = E - G - C
  3. C Major 2nd Inversion = G - C - E
  4. C Major Root Position = C - E - G  back to starting position, now one octave higher.

 

Triad

Triad is a class of chords, specifically three-note chords formed by this formula: 1-3-5 or root, third, fifth. In this example they are constructed of two consecutive thirds.

There are four kinds:

Kinds of Triads

 

Root

3rd

5th

Major

1

3

5

Minor

1

b3

5

Augmented

1

3

#5

Diminished

1

b3

b5

b=flat/lowered; #=sharp/raised

 

 

Chords Pattern

Chords pattern is a sequence  3- 4 chords based on any root scale,  played  with the music or song. For example in C scale many songs are played on 3 major chords only  :  C, F, G. So these 3 chords are played in sequence along with the song in tune with composition of the music.  If the singer sings at higher scale , Say D scale for the same song , he or she will play the major chords of  D, G, A . See the table above find which chords sequence are there for the scale.

 

Songs are composed on various chord pattern. Chord pattern are indicated by Capital Roman number ( I, II , etc ) for major chords and small  roman number ( ii, ii, etc ) for minor chord.

 

The I - IV - V Chord Pattern ,  Major chord : C, F, G ( C scale), D, G, A ( D scale)

 

The ii, iii, and vi Chords Pattern , Minor Chord : Dm, Em, Am ( C scale) ,  Em, F#m, Bm  ( D scale)

 

The II-V-I Chords Pattern , Minor Chord : Dm, G, C  ( C scale)

 

The I-iii-IV-ii-I   Chords Pattern   C, Em,  F, D, C  ( C scale)

 

The I-vi-ii-V-I  Chords Pattern , Minor Chord : C,  Am, Dm, G, C ( C scale)

 

The I-ii-iii-IV-V-I  Chords Pattern , Minor Chord : C, Dm, Em, F, G, C( C scale)

 

The I-vi-ii-IV-I Chords Pattern , Minor Chord : C, Am, Dm, F, C  ( C scale)

 

Songs with Chords Pattern

 

English

  Song: I Have a dream By Subir  Listen    

Chords Pattern  Major  G , C, D ,   

Song: Today is the Friday, No more classes for 2 days By Subir  Listen

Chords Pattern  F scale  F minor, Bb, C 

 

Bengali

Song :  Tumi Robe Nirobe (Rabindra Sangeet)  Listen    

Chords Pattern  Major  on  C# scale.   C# , F# , G# , See Table  

 

Song : Agi Bijono Ghare : (Rabindra Sangeet ) Listen    

Chords Pattern  on  C# Scale.  Major  C# , F# , G#      See Table  

  

Song : Ei Kathati Mone Rekho  (Rabindra Sangeet )  Listen   

Chords Pattern  on Scale A#  Major A#, D#, F 

 

Song : Sedin Dujone Dule Chhinu Bone (Rabindra Sangeet ) Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale E , Em, G, Em, G | Em, E, G, Em, A, Em | B A Fm

 

Song : Khoro Bayu Boi Meghe  (Rabindra Sangeet ) Listen 

 

Song : Ei Meghla Dine Ekla  (Bengali Song ) Listen 

 

For More songs Click here

 

Soft Instrumental Music

Song : Amaro Parane Jaha Chai (Rabindra Sangeet ) Listen

Chords Pattern  on Scale C  Minor Cm, Gm, Fm, G, F

 

Song :  Dil Hai Chhotasa (Hindi Song)  Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale G  Major G, C, D

 

Song : Ehsaan Tera Hoga  (Hindi Song)  Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale F  Major F, C, Bb, G

 

Song : Bade Achchhe Lagte Hain  (Hindi Song)  Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale G  Major G, C, D

 

Song : Na Tum Hume Jano (Hindi Song)  Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale D  Major D, G, A

 

Song : Aao Huzoor Tumko  (Hindi Song)  Listen 

Chords Pattern  on Scale D Minor   Dm, C, G, A

 

For More Music Click here

 

Hindi Songs

Song : Ehsaan tera hoga mujh par (Hindi ) Listen  

Chords Pattern  Major: On scale E   E, B, A, F#  

 

Song : Bade achchhe lagte hain  ( Hindi ) Listen  

Chords Pattern  Major: On scale F#   F#,  B, F#, C#, F#,| F#, C#, Fdim, F#    See Table 

Song : Din Dhal Jaaye, Haye Raat Na Jaaye (Hindi ) Listen  

Chords Pattern  Major:  on  F#  scale    F#, C#, B   See Table

  

Song :  Dil hai chhota sa chhoti si aasha  ( Hindi ) Listen  Download

Chords Pattern  Major: On SCale E    E,  A,  B   

on C#  scale  C#,A#m, G#, C# | A#m, G#, A#m, G#, F#, C# 

 

Song :  Chhota sa Ghaar Hoga  ( Hindi ) Listen    

Chords Pattern  Major: On SCale E    E, B, A

 

Song: Beqarar karke humein yoon na jaiye ( Hindi ) Listen  

Chords Pattern :  on G scale    Em, G, D, Em | Em, Bm, G, D | Bm, Em, G, D   See Table  

Song : Jeena Yahan Marna Yahan  ( Hindi ) Listen   Download

Chords Pattern : on  C scale     C-Fm7-Em7-Gm7-C | C-Em7-Fm7-C | C-Gm7-Fm7-Em7-C |    See Table                                          F-Gm7-C#-Fm7|Fm7-Gm7-Fm7-Em7-C

                                

Song : Chal Mere Dil   ( Hindi ) Listen   Download

Chords Pattern : on  Db or C#  scale   Bbm, Fm, Ebm,  Bbm |  Bbm, Fm,  Bbm,  Fm, F# , Bbm   See Table

 

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